Early Detection Research Network


Amplification of a chromosome 19q region with the entire kallikrein family associated with ovarian cancer.
Of the 28 ovarian cancer biomarkers tested in prediagnostic specimens, from the PLCO, CA125 remains the single best biomarker for ovarian cancer and has its strongest signal within six months of diagnosis. KLK6 alone was not a strong predictor.
PLCO Ovarian Phase III Validation Study

Our preliminary data indicate that the performance of CA 125 as a screening test for ovarian cancer can be improved upon by additional biomarkers. With completion of one additional validation step, we will be ready to test the performance of a consensus marker panel in a phase III validation study. Given the original aims of the PLCO trial, we believe that the PLCO represents an ideal longitudinal cohort offering specimens for phase III validation of ovarian cancer biomarkers.

SPORE/EDRN/PRE-PLCO Ovarian Phase II Validation Study

Create a new set of phase II specimens (160 cases with pre-operative bloods representing major histologic types and including 80 early-staged and 80 late-staged cases, 160 controls with benign disease, 480 general population controls, and a small set of serial Samples collected either at least 3 months apart, but not more than 6 months apart OR between 10 months apart and no more than 14 months apart in 40 healthy controls) will be used to evaluate markers identified in preliminary work. The top 5-10 markers, plus an expanded panel of Luminex markers, will comprise a “working consensus panel” for subsequent analysis in PLCO specimens.

Intergrated Systems Biology Approach for Ovarian Cancer Biomarker Discovery

The overall objective is to validate serum protein markers for early diagnosis of ovarian cancer with the ultimate goal being to develop a multiparametric panel consisting of 2-4 novel markers with 10 known markers for phase 3 analysis. In phase 1, we will screen for markers able to pass a threshold of 98% specificity and 30% sensitivity in a cohort of 300 women. Markers that pass phase 1 validation will be investigated in a phase 2 PRoBE cohort with a 98% specificity and 70% sensitivity cut-off. Finally, markers that pass phase 2 validation will be evaluated in EDRN CVC laboratory specimens with a cut-off of > 98% specificity and 90% sensitivity.