Early Detection Research Network


Leptin, a secreted protein of the ob gene by white adipose tissue, plays an important role in the regulation of food intake and energy consumption in the brain and acts as a potential growth stimulator in normal and neoplastic breast cancer cells. The expression of leptin receptors in immortalized ovarian surface epithelium (IOSE) and ovarian cancer cell lines, and potential effect of leptin on the cell growth and activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in the BG-1 ovarian cancer cell line has been tested. Both short and long isoforms of leptin receptors are expressed in IOSE-80PC (a post-crisis line), BG-1, OVCAR-3, and SKOV-3 cells. In addition, treatment with leptin resulted in the growth stimulation of BG-1 cells, an activation of ERK1/2 and inhibition of constitutive phosphorylation of p38 MAPK.
Of the 28 ovarian cancer biomarkers tested in prediagnostic specimens, from the PLCO, CA125 remains the single best biomarker for ovarian cancer and has its strongest signal within six months of diagnosis. LEP alone was not a strong predictor.

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