Early Detection Research Network


CTC is a useful surrogate marker of distant metastasis in primary lung cancer.
Under Review
CTC count was significantly higher in lung cancer patients than in nonmalignant patients, but a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed an insufficient capability of the CTC test in discrimination between lung cancer and nonmalignant diseases with an area under ROC curve of 0.598 (95% confidence interval, 0.488-0.708; P = 0.122). Among lung cancer patients, CTC count significantly increased along with tumor progression, especially with development of distant metastasis. The area under ROC curve for CTC count in prediction of distant metastasis was 0.783 (95% confidence interval, 0.679-0.886; P < 0.001). When patients with one or more CTCs were judged as having metastatic disease, sensitivity and specificity of the CTC test were 71.0% and 83.0%, respectively.

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