Early Detection Research Network

Chromosomal aneusomy in bronchial high-grade lesions is associated with invasive lung cancer.

The development of lung cancer (LC) is accompanied by field changes in the airway mucosa that may have prognostic importance.

To compare patients with prevalent LC to control subjects regarding their histologic dysplasia scores and chromosomal aneusomy as measured by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH).

The most advanced bronchial histology lesion was assessed from each of 44 LC cases and 90 cancer-free control subjects using a four-color FISH probe set encompassing the chromosome 6 centromere, 5p15.2, 7p12 (epidermal growth factor receptor), and 8q24 v-myc myelocytomatosis viral oncogene homolog (MYC) sequences. Histology grades were coded as dysplasia (moderate or severe) or carcinoma in situ (CIS).

CIS was the highest histologic grade for 32 subjects, and dysplasia was the highest grade for 102 subjects (54 moderate, 48 severe). Chromosomal aneusomy was seen in 64% of the LC cases, but in only 31% of the control subjects (odds ratio [OR], 4.68; 95% confidence interval [CI]. 1.97-11.04). Among those with any level of dysplasia, the OR for positive FISH and LC was 2.28 (95% CI, 0.75-6.86). Among those with CIS, the OR for positive FISH and LC was 5.84 (95% CI, 1.31-26.01).

Chromosomal aneusomy is associated with LC. Prospective examination of aneusomy as a precursor lesion that predicts LC is needed.

Bjornsson J, Braudrick S, Byers T, Franklin WA, Hirsch FR, Jonsson S, Keith RL, Kennedy TC, Kiatsimkul P, Lam S, Lewis M, McWilliams A, Miller YE, Varella-Garcia M, Wolf HJ

17989344

Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med., 2008, 177 (3)