Early Detection Research Network

The use of kallikrein-related peptidases as adjuvant prognostic markers in colorectal cancer.

Several members of the human tissue kallikrein-related peptidase (KLK) family are emerging cancer biomarkers. The aim of this study was to analyse the expression of a panel of KLKs in colorectal cancer and to find out if the multiparametric combination of them can increase the accuracy of prediction of patients survival beyond the traditional clinical information. Nine KLKs (KLK5-8, KLK10, KLK11, KLK13-15) were measured using ELISA assays in cytosolic extracts of 122 colon cancer tissues and their nearby normal mucosa, obtained during surgery. The mean levels of almost all KLKs in tumour tissues were significantly different from their counterparts of normal tissue (P<0.0001). KLK 5, 6, 7, 13, 14 were significantly associated with overall survival in univariate analysis, but after adjusting for age, TNM and differentiation stage, only KLK5 (HR: 1.24 (95% CI: 1.05-1.47)), KLK7 (HR: 1.57 (95% CI: 1.04-2.37)) and KLK14 (HR: 1.43 (95% CI: 1.05-1.94)) remained significant. Addition of a panel of selected KLK markers to clinical parameters gave an increment in AUC of 0.86 beyond the clinical factors at year 1, showing that it can increase the accuracy of prediction of overall survival beyond the traditional clinical information, particularly the short-term (1 year) survival after surgery.

Alexopoulou DK, Diamandis EP, Li L, Scorilas A, Soosaipillai A, Talieri M, Xynopoulos D, Zheng Y

19367279

Br. J. Cancer, 2009, 100 (10)