Early Detection Research Network

Nano-immunoassay with improved performance for detection of cancer biomarkers.

Nano-immunoassay utilizing surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) effect is a promising analytical technique for early detection of cancer. In its current standing the assay is capable of discriminating samples of healthy individuals from samples of pancreatic cancer patients. Further improvements in sensitivity and reproducibility will extend practical applications of the SERS-based detection platforms to wider range of problems. In this report, we discuss several strategies designed to improve performance of the SERS-based detection system. We demonstrate that reproducibility of the platform is enhanced by using atomically smooth mica surface as a template for preparation of capture surface in SERS sandwich immunoassay. Furthermore, assay's stability and sensitivity can be further improved by using either polymer or graphene monolayer as a thin protective layer applied on top of the assay addresses. The protective layer renders signal to be more stable against photo-induced damage and carbonaceous contamination.

Batra SK, Jain M, Kaur S, Krasnoslobodtsev AV, Lipert RJ, Lyubchenko YL, Torres MP, Vlassiouk IV

25200613

Nanomedicine, 2015, 11 (1)