Early Detection Research Network

Concurrent cytogenetic, interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization and DNA flow cytometric analyses of a carcinoma ex-pleomorphic adenoma of parotid gland.

We report the cytogenetic, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), and DNA ploidy analyses of a high grade carcinoma ex-pleomorphic adenoma of the submandibular gland. Our overall combined analyses showed a marked DNA aneuploidy and numerical abnormalities involving all chromosomes. Cytogenetic analysis revealed a near tetraploid modal chromosomal number with tetraploid loss of chromosomes Y, 1, 6, 9, 11, 14, 15, 17, and 19-21 and hypertetraploid gain of chromosomes 7, 8, and 22. The structural abnormalities included der(1;14)(q10;q10), del(6)(q15q34), +del(6)(q15q34), +der(8) t(1;8)(q12;q12.2),der(9;19)(q10;q10),add(14)(p11.2),i(20)(q10),der(21) t(8;21)(q11.2;q22.3),+der(21)t(8;21) (q11.2;q22.3). Interphase FISH of the primary and short-term cultured cells using directly labeled pericentromeric probes for chromosomes 6-12, 17, 18, and Y resulted in alterations corresponding to the cytogenetic findings. DNA ploidy analysis of both the primary and cultured tumor cells showed a hyperdiploid stemline with DNA indices of 2.6. The results indicate that: (1) marked numerical, structural chromosomal, and DNA content abnormalities are present in this tumor; and (2) alteration at 8q and 6q regions, together with previous results, suggest an association between these events and the development and/or progression of this tumor.

Callender DL, Killary AM, Lovell M, Ordonez NG, el-Naggar AK

9844608

Cancer Genet. Cytogenet., 1998, 107 (2)